Essay on Comparison of Revolutions

3594 Words Dec 25th, 2013 15 Pages
Why and What Do We Compare? The Story of Revolution and Democratization
Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Syracuse University
Introduction
The field of comparative politics starts with the assumption that knowledge in the social sciences must proceed by way of the search for comparisons, or what has been called "suggestive contrasts." Scholars of comparative politics compare in order to discover similarities and explain differences. As infrequent and highly complex events, revolutions have attracted a great deal of attention from comparativists.
In this article, we will address the following topics: • The Concept of Revolution • Why Revolutions Happen? • Can Revolutions be Predicted? • What Do Revolutions Accomplish? • What
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It can be considered as a violent expression of grievances such as when we speak of a rebellion by the officer corps. Revolution is an all-encompassing and often violent change of the social structure and the political order of a given society leading to the overthrow of one government and its replacement with another. Revolutionary change entails a fundamental alteration in the distribution of power in a nation and the modification of social values, social structures and political institutions. Revolutionaries insist that changes be instituted at once and in full so that the society could develop rapidly. As such, revolutions often involve utopian dreams, hybrid ideologies, and jagged constituencies.
Why Revolutions Happen?
Revolutions can take place for a variety of factors: poverty, socioeconomic paralysis, uneven economic development, lack of opportunities for social mobility, curtailment of political rights, failure to fulfill electoral commitments, success or failure of reform initiatives from the top, illegitimacy of the chief executive, etc. A number of theoretical frameworks have been proposed by scholars to explain why revolutions occur.
Aristotle argued in Politics that "inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions."
Karl Marx presented a class analysis

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