Plantation Hazards Essay

1810 Words Jun 6th, 2014 8 Pages
Plantations Hazards

The term plantation is widely used to describe large-scale units where industrial methods are applied to certain agricultural enterprises. These enterprises are found primarily in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa and Central and South America, but they are also found in certain subtropical areas where the climate and soil are suitable for the growth of tropical fruits and vegetation.
Plantations are grown on a large scale because the crop is grown for commercial purposes, not for domestic use.Work on plantations involves numerous hazards relating to the work environment, the tools and equipment used and the very nature of the work.

Plantation Work
The main activity on a plantation is the cultivation of one
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Employing labour through contracted intermediaries is a long-standing practice on plantations. The plantation management thus does not have an employer- employee relationship with the plantation workers. Rather, they contract with the intermediary to supply the labour. Generally, conditions of work for contract labour are inferior to those of directly employed workers.
Many plantation workers are paid based upon the tasks performed rather than the hours worked. For example, these tasks may include lines of sugar cane cut and loaded, number of rubber trees tapped, rows weeded, bushels of sisal cut, kilograms of tea plucked or hectares of fertilizer applied. Conditions such as climate and terrain may affect the time to complete these tasks, and whole families may work from dawn to dusk without taking a break. The majority of countries where plantation commodities are grown report that plantation employees work more than 40 hours per week. Moreover, most plantation workers move to their work location on foot,

and since plantations are large, much time and effort are expended on travel to and from the job.
Types of plantation hazards 1. Fatigue and climate-related hazards 2. Tool and equipment-related injuries 3. Vehicle-related injuries 4. Electricity 5. Fires 6. Pesticides 7. Animal-inflicted injuries and illnesses 8. Infectious diseases 9.

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