How is power exercised and maintained?
Direct power in the most obvious way of exercising and maintaining power.
Exercise of direct power
• British imperialism – wholesale conquest of countries. Insurgency put down by force. • Military power – US navy has 12 aircraft carriers and 70 submarines. It is the most powerful military machine on Earth. It established a ring of bases to surround the USSR in the Cold War era, as part of its policy of containment. The Iraq war saw the USA effectively “go it alone.” • Some economic power is direct. The USA plays a major role in world trade, much of which is conducted in $. The US $ is the world’s reserve currency.
• A key area of US …show more content…
Evaluating the theories which explain the growth of superpowers
• In the 1960s WW Rostow’s modernisation theory was used to explain the dominance of the British Empire and the USA. Rostow said the economies of developed countries moved through 5 stages of economic development. The Asian Tiger countries, which followed Rostow’s model and created the pre-conditions for ”take off” did well, but others failed and became burdened by